Occupancy rate and observations of Baird’s tapir (Tapirella bairdii) near waterholes in the Maya forest corridor, Belize

Wilber E Martinez, Rafael A. Reyna-Hurtado, Eduardo J. Naranjo, Daniel Thornton, Reynold N. Cal, Omar A. Figueroa

Resumen


Se estima que el 25 % de las especies de mamíferos del planeta se encuentran en riesgo de extinción debido a perdida de hábitat, fragmentación y sobreexplotación.  El tapir (Tapirella bairdii), un ungulado con parte de su distribución en la Selva Maya está en peligro de extinción.  Cuerpos de aguas, una fuente esencial para la sobrevivencia de los tapires fue el enfoque de este estudio.  Usamos cámaras-trampa como unidades de muestreo para determinar índice y modelos de ocupación en siete sitios en Runaway Creek situado en el corredor del Bosque Maya en Belice central.  El estudio se llevó a cabo de marzo a septiembre 2015, y de enero 2017 a octubre 2019 con un esfuerzo de muestreo de 8,932 cámaras-trampa/noche.  Nuestros resultados indican una estimación acumulativa (naive) de ocupación de 85.7 %, con un índice de probabilidad de ocupación de 0.97 +/- 0.15 (SE), probabilidad de detección de 0.14 +/- 0.01 de todo los sitios y años.  Los modelos de ocupación de los variables de infraestructura indica que el modelo de carreteras (β = -0.95 +/- 0.87) tiene la mayor influencia seguido por el modelo de poblados (β = 0.77 +/- 0.99). El modelo de variable de rio (β = 0.47 +/- 0.85) tiene menos apoyo.  El estudio resalta la importancia de cuerpos de agua para la sobrevivencia de los tapires y la influencia de las carreteras en la ocurrencia de tapires en la reserva natural Runaway Creek.


Palabras clave


camera trap; central american tapir; distance to road; occupancy rate; Selva Maya

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